山东大学《商务英语阅读1-3》考核辅导

复习资料 商务英语阅读1-3 温度: 时间:2020-02-13 17:18:11
                Business EnglishExtensive Reading  (1)2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
                  商务英语阅读 (1)Ⅰ.  Reading Comprehension 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Part One  irections: Choose the correct answers according to the information given from the passeges. Read the passages through carefully before making your choices. Please mark the corresponding leter for each item on Answer Sheet.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  Passage One: Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
   Consumers are being confused and misled by the hodge-podge (大杂烩) of environmental claims made by household products, according to a “green labeling” study published by Consumers International Friday .2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Among the report’s more outrageous (令人无法容忍的) findings—a German fertilizer described itself as “ earthworm friendly”, a brand of flour said it was “non-polluting” and a British toilet paper claimed to be “environmentally friendlier”. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
??  The study was written and researched by Britain’s National Consumer Council (NCC) for lobby group Consumer International. It was funded by the German and Dutch governments and the European Commission.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
“ While many good and useful claims are being made, it is clear there is a long way to go in ensuring shoppers are adequately informed about the environmental impact of products they buy,” said Consumers International director Anna Fielder .2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
The 10-country study surveyed product packaging in Britain. Western Europe, Scandinavia and the United States. It found that products sold in Germany and the United Kingdom made the most environmental claims on average. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
The report focused on claims made by specific products , such as detergent (洗涤剂), insect sprays and by some garden products . It did not test the claims, but compared them to labeling guidelines set by the International Standards Organization (ISO) in September, 1999.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Researchers documented claims of environmental friendliness made by about 2,000 products and found many too vague or too misleading to meet ISO standards.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
“Many products had specially-designed labels to make them seem environmentally friendly, but in fact many of these symbols mean nothing,” said report researcher Philip Page.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
“Laundry detergents made the most number of claims with 158. Household cleaners were second with 145 separate claims, while paints were third on our list with 73. The high numbers show how very confusing it must be for consumers to sort the true from the misleading.” he said.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
The ISO labeling standards ban vague or misleading claims on product packaging, because terms such as “environmentally friendly” and “non-polluting” cannot be verified. “What we are now pushing for is to have multinational corporations meet the standards set by the ISO.” said Page.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
1. According to the passage, the NCC found it outrageous that ______2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) all the products surveyed claim to meet ISO standards 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) the claims made by products are often unclear or deceiving 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) consumers would believe many of the manufactures’ claim 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) few products actually prove to be environment friendly 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
2. As indicated in this passage , with so many good claims , the consumers ___2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) are becoming more cautious about the products they are going to buy 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) are still not willing to pay more for products with green labeling 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) are becoming more aware of the effects different products have on the environment 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) still do not know the exact impact of different products on the environment 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
3. A study was carried out by Britain’s NCC to _______2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) find out how many claims made by products fail to meet environmental standards 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) inform the consumers of the environmental impact of the products they buy 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) examine claims made by products against ISO standards 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) revise the guidelines set by the International Standards Organization2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
4. What is one of the consequences caused by the many claims of household products? 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) They are likely to lead to serious environmental problems 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) Consumers find it difficult to tell the true from the false 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) They could arouse widespread anger among consumer 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) Consumers will be tempted to buy products they don’t need 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
5. It can be inferred from the passage that the lobby group Consumer International wants to ____.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) make product labeling satisfy ISO requirements2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) see all household products meet environmental standards 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) warn consumers of the danger of so-called green products 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) verify the efforts of non-polluting products?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Passage Two Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Is there enough oil beneath the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (保护区) (ANWR) to help secure America’s energy future ? President Bush certainly thinks so. He has argued that drilling ANWR’s oil would help ease California’s electricity crisis and provide the country’s energy independence. But no one knows for sure how much crude oil lies buried beneath the frozen earth with the last government survey, conducted in 1998, projecting output anywhere from 3 billion to 16 billion barrels.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
The oil industry goes with the high end of the range---16 billion barrels, which could equal as much as 10% of U.S. consumption for as long as six years. By pumping more than 1 million barrels a day from the reserve for the next two three decades, lobbyists claim, the nation could cut back on imports equivalent to all shipments to the U.S. from Saudi Arabia. Sounds good. An oil boom would also mean a multibillion-dollar windfall(意外之财)in tax revenues, royalties(开采权使用费)and leasing fees for Alaska and the Federal Government. Best of all, advocates of drilling say, damage to the environment would be insignificant . “We’ve never had a document case of oil rig chasing deer out onto the pack ice.” says Alaska State Representative Scott Ogan .2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Not so fast, say environmentalists. Sticking to the low end of government estimates---3 billion barrels, environmentalists says there may be no more than 3.2 billion barrels of economically recoverable oil in the coastal plain of ANWR, a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America’s energy problems. And consumers would wait up to a decade to gain any benefits, because drilling could begin only after much bargaining over leases, environmental permits and regulatory review. As for ANWR’s impact on the California power crisis, environmentalists point out that oil is responsible for only 1% of the Golden State’s electricity output – and just 3% of the nation’s.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
6. What does President Bush think of drilling oil in ANWR?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) It will exhaust the nation’s oil reserves.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) It will help secure the future of ANWR.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) It will help reduce the nation’s oil imports 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) It will increase America’s energy consumption 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
7. We learn from the second paragraph that the American oil industry _______2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) believes that drilling for oil in ANWR will produce high output 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) tends to exaggerate America’s reliance on foreign oil2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) shows little interest in tapping oil in ANWR 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) expects to stop oil imports from Saudi Arabia? 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
8. Environmentalists argue that _________2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) it can cause serious damage to the environment 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) it can do little to solve U.S. energy problems 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
C) it will drain the oil reserves in the Alaskan region 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D) it will not have much commercial value 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
9. What do the environmentalists mean by saying “Not so fast” (Line 1, Para .3)? 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) Oil exploitation takes a short time   C) Don’t be too optimistic2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) The oil drilling should not be delayed   D) Don’t expect lot of benefits.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
10. It can be learned from the passage that oil exploitation beneath ANWR’s frozen earth ______.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) remains an unsettled problem      C) involves a lot of technological problems2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
B) is expected to get under way soon  D) will enable the U.S. to be oil independent?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Part Two : Directions:In this part,you will have 1 5 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet .2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
For questions 1—7,mark2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Y(for YES)if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
N(for NO)if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage:’2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
For questions 8--10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Passports2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
If you’ve ever traveled outside the United States,one of the most important tasks you had to complete before your trip was applying for a passport.A copy of your original birth certificate may suffice for short trips to Mexico or the Caribbean,say on a cruise (乘船游览).But,generally speaking,want to see the world,you have to have a passport—the only universally accepted form of identification.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
What Exactly Is a Passport and How Long Has It Been Around?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Passports have been around in some form for hundreds of years.Governments learned long ago that an official document or certification—one that identified a traveler as a citizen or national with a right to protection while abroad and a right to return to the country of his citizenship – is a necessity.Passports,letters of transit and similar documents were used for centuries to allow individuals to travel safely in foreign lands,but the adoption of the passport by all nations is a development of the 19th and,20th centuries.According to State Department historians,except for brief periods-during wartime,passports were not generally required for travel abroad and few obstacles were presented by foreign states' passport requirements until after1914.An executive order made on Dec.15,1915,required every person entering or leaving the United States to have a valid passport.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
In the United States,passports are issued upon application to U.S.citizens by the State Department and its 13 passport agencies in major cities,by the clerks of federal and certain state courts,certain designated (指定的)post offices and by U.S.consular authorities abroad.The passport is required for both departure from and re-entry to the United States.It is valid for 10years for adults and five years for people under 18.A U.S.passport cannot simply be renewed but must be completely replaced when it expires.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Applying for a Passport    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
You can find passport applications at any regional passport agency or at designated post offices or clerk of court offices.Today,you can even download and print your own passport applications.However,you still have to go in person to apply for your first passport.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
You should apply for your passport several months in advance of your planned departure,making sure you fill in the dates of your upcoming trip in the appropriate place on the application.If you'll need visas from foreign embassies,allow more time.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
As a rule,it takes about 25 business days to process your passport application and get the document sent to you.Something to think about:Lines are longest at passport agencies from January to July,resulting in longer waiting times for applicants.You might want to avoid the crowds by applying through a nearby clerk of court or post office that accepts passport applications.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
The passport agency processes expedited (加快)passports within three working days from receipt of the application.If you choose not to pay for overnight mail,you should receive your passport in 7—10 business days.You can also expedite passport renewal2 and you can do it by mail.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Does Everybody Have to Apply in Person?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    The State Department’s Passport Agency says you must apply in person for a U.S.passport if you meet any of the following descriptions:2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    You are 13 or older and are applying for a U.S.passport for the first time.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Your previous passport was lost or stolen.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Your previous passport has expired and was issued more than 12 years ago.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    You are applying for a passport for a child under age 12.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Applying in Person2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Applying for a passport is not really difficult—it just requires following very specific rules.Follow these steps and you’ll have all your bases covered:   2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    1.Complete application Form DSP.11一 but Do NOT sign the form until you are instructed to do so by the passport agent.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    2.Present proof of U.S.citizenship:2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Previous U.S.passport    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Certified birth certificate issued by the city,county or state.  2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Consular report of birth abroad2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Naturalization certificate2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    Certificate of citizenship2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    One more thing:Even though your Social Security card is not required by the passport application,it does ask for your Social Security number.   2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
What Happens to My Passport Application After I Submit It?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
If you apply at a passport acceptance facility,like the post office,the same day that you apply,your application will be sent:to Passport Services for processing,and you will receive your passport by first class mail within six weeks.If you apply at a passport agency,you will receive your passport within five weeks by first class mail.Your passport will be sent to the mailing address you provided on your application.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
How Much Will My Passport Cost?2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
When you consider its importance and how long it lasts,a passport:is a pretty good deal.For routine services,passports for adults 1 6 and older cost$60.Those age 15 and younger pay a total of $40.    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    If you were born outside the United States and your citizenship has not yet been determined or if the passport agent considers your case “complex,” getting a passport will cost more.As we discussed earlier,expediting an application will also cost more.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Can I Have My Old Passport Back?   2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Yes! Most people view their passports as important memorabilia and are eager to get them back.That’s why your previous passport,marked “canceled,” will be returned to you with your new one.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Lost or Stolen Passport2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Losing your passport --especially if you’re in a foreign country --can be scary.It’s the most important item you carry with you,so:it’s best to keep it someplace secure.Another safety measure you can take is to make two photocopies of the photo ID page of your passport.Leave one at home with family or friends and keep the other in a different place from your passport,perhaps buried in the bottom of checked luggage.This could make all the difference in getting you on your flight home in the event that your passport is lost or stolen.It also makes getting it replaced much easier. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
    You’ll want to report the loss of your passport as “soon as possible. You can actually report a lost or stolen passport at the same time you apply for the new one.At that time.you will submit,a DSP-64, “Statement Regarding Lost or Stolen Passport” form.You’ll also need to fill out a Form DSP.11 passport application and submit it in person along with appropriate documentation and fees,to your nearest passport acceptance facility. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  1.A passport is the only universally accepted form of identification around the world.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  2.In the United Sates,the passport is valid for 10 years for people under 18.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  3.If you are over 13 and are applying for a U.S.passport for the first time,you have to apply in person.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  4.It is very difficult to apply for a passport as it requires many specific rules.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  5.For routine services,passports for adults 16 and older cost more than those age 15 and younger.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  6.In fact,you cannot report a lost passport and apply for a new one at the same time.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  7.This passage mainly deals with the history of passports.   2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
  8.According to ________made on Dec.15,1915,every person entering or leaving the United States is required to have a valid passport.   2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
9.Normally,it takes ________ or so to process your passport application and get the document sent to you.    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
10.Your passport will be sent to ________ you provided on your application.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Ⅱ.  Close  2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with 10 blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the blank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding leter for each item on Answer Sheet. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Attention to detail is something everyone can and should do especially in a tight job market.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Bob Crossley,a human-resources-expert,notices this in the job applications that come __1__ his2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
desk everyday. “Some candidates don’t bother to spell the company’s name correctly.Once I2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
see a mistake,I __2__the candidate.” Crossley concludes. “If they cannot take care of these2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
details,why should we trust them with a job?”2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Can we pay too much attention to details? Absolutely.Perfectionists struggle over little things at the __3__of something larger they work toward. “To keep from losing the forest for the2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
trees,” says Charles Garfield,__4__ professor at the University of Califomia, “we must constantly ask ourselves how the details we’re working on fit into the larger picture.If they don’t,we should __5__ them and move to something else.”2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Garfield compares this process to his work at NASA.“The Apollo Ⅱ moon launch was slightly off-course 90 percent of the time,”says Garfield.“But a successful landing was still __6__because we knew the exact coordinates of our goal.This allowed us to make adjustments2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
as__7__.”Knowing where we want to go helps us judge the importance of every task we __8__.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Too often we believe what __9__ for others’ success is some special secret or a lucky break.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
But rarely is success so mysterious.Again and again,we see that by doing little things within our grasp well,large rewards__10__.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
A) associate      B) vice         C) undertake     D) explains      E) necessary    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
F) drop          G) eliminate     H) payment      I) follow        J) across    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
K)along          L) accounts     M) cost          N) usual      O) likelyⅢ. Word Exercise 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Directions:  Complete each of the following sentences with a suitable word. The first letter anmd the Chinese meaning are given. Please write the missing letters for each item on Answer Sheet.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Modern business is well organized and operates smoothly. B_______ (商业)supplies the food you eat, the clothes you wear, the home you live in, and many other goods and services. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Business means different things to different people. It means producing goods through farming or some other industry. Or it means buying and selling m________(商品). 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
E_________(企业) such as the grocery store, the bus line, and the bank are readily identified as being in business.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Goods that everyone must have, such as food, clothes and shelter,are called n_________(必需品). 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
For the i________(投资者), business provides ways to put his funds to work.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
D_________(分配) is the total process of moving, handling and storing goods on the way from producers to consumers. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
M_________(营销) is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
As you continue touring your community, the b______(广告牌) on highways or streets are encouraging you to “Try 7 Up” or “ Visit Disneyland”. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
P_______(主要) buying motives cause a customer to select one service rather than another. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Business today is very c________(有竞争力的). There are many businesses that sell similar products and services. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Ⅳ. Translation    2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Directions: Please translation the following sentences into Chinese. Write the Chinese version on the Answer Sheet. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
1. Customers will not purchase a product or service until they are convinced that they will benefit from owning that product or service. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
2. College campuses are attracting students from all social classes despite the rapidly rising cost of higher education. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
3. Not all activities in which work is involved are classed as business. If money payment is required, the activity is business. 2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
Business manager want to hire people who are creative, who work well with others, and who contribute to the success of their business.2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
5. Once consumers have used a product or seen it advertised, it moves from the unknown to the known category, and the probability of its being purchased is increased.                               奥鹏  2GN奥鹏作业学习网(aopeng123.cn)
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